The world's first 3-D printed estate is set to pop up in New York. Architect and contractor Adam Kushner of KUSHNER Studios has partnered with James Wolff and Enrico Dini to build the 2,400-square-foot house, which will include an in-ground swimming pool, four bedrooms and a pool house. Ground has already broken in Gardiner, which is about 80 miles north of New York City. The 3-D printing will begin next year.
The project will be using a modified version of the D-Shape printer, which The Motley Fool notes is reportedly the world's largest 3-D printer.
Kushner first thought of the idea when he decided to build a house on a property he and his wife owns. Kushner, Wolff and Monolite UK (a parter of Dini) formed D-Shape Enterprises to bring the D-Shape 3-D printer and technology to the U.S.
Kushner was inspired by a unique rock formation for the design, so both the house and pool have an irregular shape. The structure will be nestled on a cliff, overlooking the pool. The pool will sit at the base of a steep incline.
The printer itself will arrive from Italy in January. The first phase will be to print the in-ground pool in early spring. Kushner expects this to be the easiest part of the project as it doesn't need any reinforcements. Phase two will be the construction of the pool house, which is expected to begin by early fall 2015. Because it will have a roof, reinforcing material will needed to be added to the concrete for additional strength. Fiber, steel shavings and aluminum strands are all being considered.
The last phase will be to 3-D print the 2,400-square-foot house, which is expected to begin in the spring or summer of 2016. This will give Kushner enough time to modify the printer so that it can install a reinforcing bar, so that the parts of the house that need reinforcing can simply be printed.
The D-Shape technology adheres sand or other construction materials together with a magnesium-based binding process. This produces a stone that is said to be indistinguishable from real marble, but it is chemically environmentally friendly and is resistant to portland cement.
According to D-Shape, the cost of the house is 30 to 50 percent cheaper than manual methods.
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